Mócz, G., Szilágyi, L., Chen Lu, R., Fábián, F., Bálint, M. & Gergely, J.

Effect of nucleotides, divalent cations and temperature on the tryptic susceptibility of myosin subfragment 1.

Eur J Biochem 145, 221-9.

Mócz, G. & Bálint, M.

Use of cationic detergents for polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in multiphasic buffer systems.

Anal Biochem 143, 283-92.

An improved system for polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence of cationic detergents, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide and cetylpyridinium chloride, respectively, is described. An acidic discontinuous buffer system generated according to the theory of multiphasic zone electrophoresis developed by T. M. Jovin (1973, Biochemistry 12, 871-904) was used. It was optimized with respect to the operational conditions and to the desirable range of relative mobility values for the proteins that have molecular weights from 16,500 to 90,300. Also presented is a procedure for the elimination of interference from cationic detergents frequently encountered during staining of gels. The electrophoretic system was suitable for fractionating a wide variety of proteins. The technique can also be used to provide an alternative estimate of molecular weight. To fully account for accurate estimations, the Ferguson relationship between mobility and gel concentration and the relation of molecular weight to mobility at a single gel concentration were both considered. Examples reported in this paper include the separation and/or molecular weight determination of several common proteins, histones, and microfibrillar and myofibrillar proteins. The results suggest that electrophoresis in the presence of cationic detergents offers the same degree of reliability in analysis of most proteins as is provided by the anionic detergent sodium dodecyl sulfate electrophoresis.